The growth of children will be rapid in the first five years across four main areas, and among those areas, cognitive development is the most important one.
If you want to know about the children’s knowledge, and you need to know about their changes in their development, then you should know about cognitive development. This will mainly focus on the behavior of the children. During cognitive development, children will move across the various stages of mental development. So, here is the complete guide about cognitive development.
Cognitive development explains the thinking capacity of children, and also helps to explore and figure things out. The development helps to improve the knowledge, skills, problem-solving ability, and dispositions. Brain development is a part of cognitive development, where children will understand the world around them.
The parents should foster the child’s cognitive development because it is the foundation for the children’s success which helps them during school or later in life. You need to engage in some quality interactions with your child on daily basis. Here are some tips that will help you to improve cognitive development.
• Talk with your children on daily basis and name the most commonly used objects
• Let your children explore the toys and world around them
• Practicing singing and reading along with your baby
• Explore books and puzzles
• Expanding your children’s interest in any specific kind of activities
• Always answer your children’s “why” questions
Other ways of improving your child’s cognitive development are to allow them to make thoughtful decisions, help them to solve different problems, and allow them to figure things. Throughout the development, the parents should provide some guidance and encouragement to the children, but it requires a lot of patience.
The series of cognitive development occurs in four different stages, and each stage is characterized by the sophisticated and abstract level of thought. All the stages will occur in the same order, and each is built with the help of lessons learned in the previous stage.
This stage will occur during the period of the infant, and here intelligence will be demonstrated through motor activity. This stage is based on the physical interactions and experiences, but the knowledge of the word is limited. The children will get the memory of the object in the seventh stage of life, and the physical development will allow the children to develop intellectual abilities. At the end of the stage, some symbolic abilities will be developed.
It has two sub-stages, where intelligence is demonstrated by the use of symbols. During this stage, the language will get matured, and memory, imagination will be developed. But the thinking will be done in a non-logical and non-reversible manner.
This stage is determined by the seven types of conservation, and here intelligence will be demonstrated through logical and systematic manipulations. Here, the egocentric thinking will be diminished and operational thinking will develop
Here, the intelligence will be demonstrated by the abstract concepts. Only 35% of high-school children will obtain some formal operations, but many children don’t think formally during adulthood.
Adolescence involves the more complex thinking process which is called logical operations, and during this time the children will have the ability to form new ideas and questions. Also, it will include the ability to consider the point of view, to compare the opinions, and to consider the process of thinking.
Adolescence occurs between the ages 12 and 18; here the adults will start to think systematically about all the logical relationships. The change from concrete thinking to formal thinking happens over time.
The adolescence stage will make the children think in many complex ways, and where they develop their view of the world. They need to apply the logical operations to the school work before implementing it into the personal problems.
The adolescents will develop an additional level of complexity when they face any emotions. It will make the ability to consider the possibilities, emotions, and facts. But it can create an impact on decision making, either positively or negatively.
There are many parents, who are concern about the children’s intellectual development, and children will be more eager to learn from the beginning stage. In the children’s life, education will come to them in the growing stages, while their early years will be mostly influenced by the family relationships, particularly the parents and caregivers.
The parent should help the children to shape their learning, thinking, and developing process. Parents should encourage their children’s intellectual abilities so that the kids can make sense of the people around them. When the infant is interested in any object, then the parents should let them touch and explore more about the object as this will help them in cognitive development.
When the kids grow, the parents should encourage them to actively explore the world. When the kids ask an array of questions about each and everything around you, then the parents should have the patience to answer all the questions. If you want to make your child a creative problem solver, then the parents should pose their questions to help the kids.
The children thinking and learning ability, will improve education, and also it will develop phonemic awareness which is a crucial skill in learning to read. Also, cognitive development involves the area of mathematics, so the mathematical knowledge of the children can be improved.
The study on cognitive development explains that a mind is formed by the combination of several influencing factors. Based on the children’s interests, we need specific training. You need to know about cognitive development if you want to learn about the children’s intellectual growth. Also, you need to be a good observer, if you want to access your child’s cognitive status.